The Difference Between Mass and Weight
What is Mass?
Mass is simply the measure of the amount of matter in a body.
What is Weight?
Weight is the measure of the amount of force acting on a mass due to acceleration due to gravity.
What is the difference between mass and weight?
|Definition||Mass is simply the measure of the amount of matter in a body.||Weight is the measure of the amount of force acting on a mass due to acceleration due to gravity.|
|Formula||Weight is the measure of the amount of force acting on a mass due to acceleration due to gravity.||Weight is the measure of the gravitational force acting on a body.
Weight = mass × acceleration due to gravity
|Quantity Type||Mass is a base quantity.
Mass only has magnitude and so, it is a scalar quantity.
|Weight is a derived quantity.
Weight has both magnitude and direction (towards the center of gravity) and so, it is a vector quantity unit unit
|Unit of Measurement||The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg).||The SI unit of weight is Newton (N).|
|Gravitational Effect||Mass does not depend upon gravity and is constant everywhere.
Mass can never be zero.
|Weight is dependent on gravity and so, it varies from place to place.
Weight can be zero where there is no gravity (like space).
|Meaning||Mass is the measure of inertia.||Weigh is the measure of force.|
|location||It stays the same everywhere, irrespective of location.||Weight will vary depending on the location.|
|Physical Quantity||Mass is a scalar quantity. It has magnitude.||It is a vector quantity. It’s got the magnitude and directs toward the Earth’s center or other gravity.|
|SI Unit||The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg).||Weight’s SI unit is Newton (N).v|
|Measurement||We measure it using an ordinary balance. For instance, pan balance, beam balance, etc.||We can measure weight using a spring balance.|
|Denotation||‘M’ is used to denote Mass.||We use ‘W’ to denote weight.|
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